Home Health and wellness The Case for Avoiding Plant Foods — Reckless or Beneficial?

The Case for Avoiding Plant Foods — Reckless or Beneficial?

by kyngsam


Dr. Mercola Interviews the Specialists

This text is a part of a weekly collection by which Dr. Mercola interviews varied consultants on a wide range of well being points. To see extra professional interviews, click on here.

Dr. Paul Saladino skilled on the College of Arizona with a concentrate on integrative medication. He accomplished his residency in psychiatry on the College of Washington in 2019, and is a licensed purposeful medication practitioner via the Institute for Useful Medication.

On this interview, Saladino discusses the stunning advantages of the carnivore food regimen, which is the subject of his new guide, “The Carnivore Code,” which is presently obtainable for preorder.

I view him as one of many main consultants on the well being advantages of an animal-based food regimen. Saladino takes it to the intense, although, advocating a carnivore food regimen to the exclusion of all greens or plant supplies, which can strike many as debatable.

The proof he presents for it, nonetheless, is sort of compelling. I do not know anybody personally who has reviewed the literature extra fastidiously and might put collectively a coherent argument for this technique. (That is partly a side-effect of getting gone via the fundamental medical sciences twice, as he went via medical faculty to be a doctor’s assistant and later an M.D.)

Saladino is prone to problem your beliefs on this interview. This isn’t meant to offend anybody. Should you consider you must keep away from animal meals for moral causes, that is actually your selection. Should you’re combating well being points {that a} vegetarian food regimen has not been in a position to resolve, nonetheless, or maybe even made your situation worse, you could wish to take heed to what he has to say.

Busting Dietary Dogma

In his guide, Saladino states he will bust dietary dogma, which he does in spades. Saladino, who struggled with asthma and eczema, was truly a vegetarian after which a vegan for a time. It did not assist. In actual fact, it made issues worse.

His well being issues did not resolve till he went on an unique carnivore food regimen, and he recounts the varied twists and turns in his private journey firstly of the interview. After listening to Jordan Peterson speak concerning the carnivore food regimen and the way it improved his daughter’s autoimmune signs, Saladino was intrigued sufficient to look into it. The remaining, as they are saying, is historical past.

“The extra I considered it and dug into it, I began to appreciate, possibly there’s one thing to this,” he says. “I am no less than going to attempt it. And so, the primary time I attempted it, inside a number of days, my temper modified, and my outlook on life obtained to be considerably higher and extra constructive.

I believed, ‘There’s one thing to this.’ A couple of weeks later, the eczema had utterly resolved and hasn’t come again since. I have been consuming a carnivore food regimen for the final 12 months and a half.

However there actually was this form of private quest all through to search out out what the triggering meals was, and it was simply so hanging for me to see the eczema go away after I lower out all vegetation — after which the additional advantage.

The psychological readability, the psychological advantages had been stunning. That type of hooked me, and I believed, ‘OK. I want to only pour myself into this and perceive this as a result of that is going to assist lots of people, or it probably may.'”

In keeping with Saladino, there is a clear ancestral historical past of consuming an animal-based food regimen, which he particulars within the interview. In a nutshell, the proof suggests we’re descendants of omnivores, and that the rise in mind quantity coincides with a transition to trying to find animal sport and consuming massive quantities of animal meals.

Some vegetarian advocates have argued that it was tubers that prompted our brains to develop. Saladino disagrees, noting that the degrees of nitrogen and carbon in fossilized stays from 60,000 years in the past are literally larger than these in hyenas, which suggests our ancestors had been consuming extra animal protein than identified carnivores.

He additionally factors out genetic proof suggesting Homo sapiens weren’t consuming vital quantities of starch, as they developed a salivary amylase mutation.

“What we see now’s that each one dwelling individuals on Earth have a salivary amylase duplication as a result of we’re all descended from a Homo sapiens group that left Africa 80,000 years in the past that seems to have had an amylase duplication,” Saladino says.

“So, they had been consuming extra tubers 80,000 years in the past. However up till that time, there isn’t any proof for an amylase duplication, arguing strongly towards the notion that we have been utilizing tubers for any vital quantity of vitamin.”

Within the interview, Saladino additionally goes into the findings of Dr. Weston A. Worth, a pioneering dentist who traveled the world to doc the diets and well being standing of indigenous cultures. An enormous take-home level was that Worth by no means discovered a tradition that was thriving on plant meals alone.

“The opposite level I spotlight within the guide is that there have been some cases the place he may immediately examine African tribes that had been extra plant heavy and tribes that had been extra animal heavy, and the tribes that ate extra animals had been stronger, taller and had higher well being than the tribes that ate extra vegetation.

So, he had a direct comparability wanting on the general well being, power, virility of individuals in Africa within the 1930s and 1940s, and he noticed that individuals who favored animal meals had been doing significantly better than the those that favored plant meals,” Saladino says.

The Downside With Phytonutrients

Some of the controversial points pertains to the well being advantages and hazards of phytonutrients, i.e., plant-based vitamins. I used to be underneath the idea that phytonutrients had been largely accountable for activating profoundly highly effective pathways for longevity.

Saladino’s work prompted me to significantly reevaluate my views on phytonutrient supplementation. As Saladino explains, phytoalexins are plant protection compounds which may be inflicting extra hurt than good. A corollary to that is the difficulty of xenohormesis, which Saladino coated in a November 5, 2019, podcast interview with David Sinclair, Ph.D.1

“I do not assume anybody debates that vegetation make protection chemical substances,” Saladino says. “I simply assume we’re not aware of how pervasive they’re, and the way lots of the vegetation we eat include hundreds of them …

You could possibly get actually sick from the oxalates in rhubarb, for instance. We’re conscious that some vegetation are so poisonous that they are frankly toxic. We may die [if we eat them]. Principally, each plant in nature is a part of a fragile stability, a fragile alternate system with different animals.

And [plants have] needed to develop plant protection chemical substances — phytoalexins. I believe the a part of this that’s so radical and challenges so lots of our long-held beliefs … is that so lots of the chemical substances that we think about to be phytonutrients or to be hormetics in vegetation are literally phytoalexins. They’re plant protection chemical substances …

If I’ll counsel a carnivore food regimen … one of many issues that folks usually query is: What about all of the vitamins in vegetation that I am lacking? And there is a chapter within the guide the place I speak concerning the precise nutritional vitamins and minerals [found in animal foods] …

When it comes to nutritional vitamins and minerals, you will get the whole lot from animals. Animals are a greater supply of all of the nutritional vitamins and minerals than vegetation. However then individuals say, ‘What about all of the polyphenols and these phytonutrients?’ … And that is the place we get into the realm of phytoalexins, the plant protection chemical substances …

So many of those chemical substances that folks consider as useful are plant protection chemical substances. Nearly all of polyphenols are plant protection chemical substances … Resveratrol, for instance … is a protection molecule. It is produced in response to the botrytis fungus … Resveratrol is an oxidative stressor to the fungus organism and does different issues negatively for the fungus …

Resveratrol … undoubtedly does activate SIRT1, which seems to be factor, however it has different unfavourable results within the human physique. Particularly, there is a good quantity of analysis on resveratrol suggesting that it impacts hormonal metabolism negatively.

It decreases androgen precursor, particularly DHEA, resulting in decrease ranges of DHEA and testosterone and different androgens. Many polyphenols do that within the flavonoid class of molecules … Curcumin is one other one.

And I am going to make clear this briefly simply so individuals perceive my place. It is not that I am saying these molecules haven’t any worth in people. It is my urging, my suggestion after we’re eager about these molecules, that we take into consideration them like prescription drugs, as a result of they are surely.


Prescribed drugs are actually highly effective and could be lifesaving molecules. But when I’ll prescribe or suggest ibuprofen or metoprolol or a psychiatric drug to a affected person, I am all the time going to have a dialog concerning the potential unwanted effects.

What we have forgotten about with these plant molecules is that they too … have unwanted effects. These unwanted effects are what I am calling consideration to in ‘The Carnivore Eating regimen.’ I believe that for some individuals, plant molecules can have a medicinal worth. However after we’re utilizing them as meals, on daily basis, my concern is that we could be getting an excessive amount of of a drugs and the unwanted effects begin to outweigh the advantages.

That’s the place I believe the elimination of them turns into invaluable for individuals, and the slicing out of all of the vegetation is usually a sport changer by way of irritation and autoimmunity.”

The Biochemistry of Vegetation and Mammals

Within the interview, Saladino additionally gives a descriptive analogy that helps clarify why plant vitamins aren’t essentially obligatory in human biochemistry. The biochemical distinction between vegetation and animals could be likened to the working techniques of PC and Mac. Whereas their obvious capabilities are the identical, their working techniques are completely different and incompatible.

Your physique has its personal antioxidant system, which is completely different from that of vegetation. Your immune system is your major protection, and you’ve got innate and adaptive immunity. Vegetation shouldn’t have that. They solely make molecules to defend towards invaders.

The frequent perception is that plant molecules act as antioxidants in people, however in accordance with Saladino, plant molecules don’t act as direct free radical scavengers in our physique. They’ll set off your antioxidant response system, nonetheless, which is hormesis.

“We’ve glutathione, we now have the enzyme, superoxide dismutase, we now have uric acid, we now have vitamin E. We’ve molecules that do the free radical scavenging the human physique,” Saladino says.

“What we’re speaking about right here is the motion of electrons … Unpaired electrons are free radicals. They run across the physique and pull electrons off different molecules … We’ve our mobile police drive at glutathione to go and say, ‘Hey, I’ll provide you with an electron so you may settle down.’ That is what glutathione does. That is our antioxidant system.

Vegetation do not do this. Plant molecules don’t come into us and donate electrons. They’re the reverse. As a result of they’re plant protection molecules, they’re pro-oxidants. Vegetation and animals have completely different working techniques and the molecules do not act in the identical methods. The identical is true of the nutritional vitamins and minerals in vegetation versus the nutritional vitamins and minerals in animals.”

The Unacknowledged Draw back of Xenohormesis

Sinclair, a professor of genetics at Harvard whom I’ve previously interviewed, and others have superior the idea of xenohormesis, which suggests molecules which are exterior of us are good for us as a result of they include tiny quantities of poison.

Saladino’s drawback with that concept has to do with the unwanted effects. Within the interview, he illustrates his objection utilizing the instance of sulforaphane, the first glucosinolate in broccoli.

When an enzyme referred to as myrosinase degrades glucoraphanin, it turns into sulforaphane, which acts as a pro-oxidant, not an antioxidant. By performing as a pro-oxidant, it triggers the antioxidant response system — the Nrf2 pathway. NRF2 is transcription issue that controls the activation and deactivation of genes.

It is going to activate genes corresponding to glutathione peroxidase, concerned within the antioxidant system. When NRF2 rises, glutathione rises, which is an effective factor within the brief time period, because it decreases DNA harm. Nonetheless, there may be collateral harm.

“The unwanted effects of this molecule are what individuals are lacking,” Saladino says. “We do not want sulforaphane to guard our DNA. We do not want sulforaphane to have optimum antioxidant standing.

We are able to do issues like warmth publicity and chilly publicity and train, which may additionally activate the antioxidant response system and enhance our provide of glutathione and defend our DNA.

They haven’t any [deleterious] unwanted effects. However sulforaphane has unwanted effects … [When] sulforaphane circulates in your physique, it may possibly oxidize membranes of cells and create 4-HNE (4-Hydroxynonenal) [and] acrolein, that are merchandise of oxidation.

These are lipid peroxides, which could be very damaging. It additionally interferes with the absorption of iodine and competes with iodine on the stage of the thyroid … So xenohormesis, for me, the idea falls aside due to the unwanted effects. We do not want these items. There are not any examples of plant molecules that I’ve seen.

Once more, we’re all studying, however I’m not satisfied the plant molecules present any internet profit. They do not allow us to do something we won’t in any other case do … and so they have all of the unwanted effects which type of drag us down.”

The Distinctive Well being Advantages of Animal Meals

In keeping with Saladino, animal meals are uniquely wholesome for people, and this can be a matter he covers in nice depth in chapter Eight of his guide. One instance is vitamin B12. Analysis cited within the guide reveals that B12 ranges look like associated to mind measurement, with low vitamin B12 equating to smaller mind quantity.

“We all know the mind measurement has been declining during the last 15,000 years,” Saladino says. “Actually, when people stopped searching, they began farming extra. Their B12 and lots of different vitamins went means down. And that is a compelling speculation for this decline in mind measurement …

[B12] is critically essential within the folate cycle. It is wanted to transform homocysteine to methionine and it is wanted to make succinyl-CoA for the Krebs cycle. It is wanted for all progress in our neurons. It is actually essential.”

Saladino additionally covers “the three C’s,” that are totally or shut to completely missing in plant meals:

Creatine — Creatine, discovered solely in animal meals, not vegetation, is a part of the phosphagen system in your muscular tissues. It shops a phosphate merchandise as creatine phosphate and donates that phosphate to ATP when it will get used up throughout intense train. It is also a part of your physique’s vitality metabolism.

“There are extremely hanging research that I speak about within the guide the place vegetarians and vegans had been supplemented with 5 grams of creatine per day, which is the quantity of creatine in 1 pound of meat; invariably they’d enhancements in working reminiscence, intelligence, decision-making duties,” Saladino says.

Choline — Choline is essential for the membranes of each cell in your physique. It is also been proven to guard towards nonalcoholic fatty liver illness, as defined in “Choline Is Crucial for Liver Health.”

Carnosine — Carnosine is essential due to its skill to restrict oxidative stress by stopping the formation of superior glycation finish merchandise (AGEs) and superior lipoxidation finish merchandise (ALEs), each of which correlate to getting older in people.

Carnosine isn’t current in plant meals, and in his guide Saladino cites analysis displaying vegetarians have greater ranges of AGE formation of their our bodies. There look like dozens of medical circumstances for which carnosine is beneficial.

This consists of heart disease, most cancers and Alzheimer’s. It is also a precursor for histamine, and mitigates harm attributable to ALEs, that are much more damaging than AGEs, and helps fight mitochondrial dysfunction, which is on the coronary heart of getting older and power illness.

Nutritional vitamins A and Okay

Animal meals are additionally supply of retinol vitamin A, which is healthier absorbed than beta carotene from vegetation, which have to be transformed into retinol. Many lack the enzyme required for this conversion, which suggests they can’t break down the beta carotene to make the lively type of vitamin A.

“Once more, that is the working techniques idea. Retinol vitamin A isn’t present in vegetation however is solely present in animals. Egg yolks and liver are very wealthy sources. We’ve to eat 20 instances extra beta carotene to get the equal organic worth of a molecule of retinol.

To get the correct amount of vitamin A, you need to eat one thing like near a pound of candy potatoes a day. And for those who ate Three kilos of broccoli earlier at present to get your choline requirement, I do not know the way you are going to eat one other pound of candy potatoes.

Candy potatoes are additionally very excessive in oxalates, so it’s totally deceptive when individuals say you will get all of the vitamin A you want from beta carotene. It is fairly arduous to truly … So, we now have to get it from animal meals …”

Vitamin Okay is one other instance. Vitamin K1 is primarily present in vegetation whereas K2 — which appears to offer a lot of the advantages — is present in animal meals and fermented meals. I’m going into larger element concerning the completely different types in “Are You Getting Enough Vitamin K?

As famous by Saladino, analysis reveals a transparent correlation between greater K2 ranges and decrease incidence of heart problems. No such correlation exists for vitamin K1. Sadly, most vitamin calculators look solely at K1, which is why many are underneath the mistaken perception that there isn’t a vitamin Okay in animal meals.

“Any nutritionists or anybody that tells you there’s not sufficient vitamin Okay in animal meals is 100% unsuitable,” Saladino says, “as a result of there’s truly extra of the great kind of vitamin Okay [i.e., vitamin K2] in animal meals that we won’t get different locations.”

The identical goes for nutritional vitamins E and C. Neither is correctly measured in animal meals, thus resulting in the mistaken perception that you just want plant meals for these vitamins. Nonetheless, Saladino presents ample proof in his guide displaying meat and animal meals include enough quantities of each vitamin E and C.

A Word on Security

Importantly, Saladino has carried out intensive blood testing on himself and others who’re on an unique carnivore food regimen, displaying persistently good outcomes and no hostile biochemical penalties. He explains:

“We have checked out numerous stuff. There’s particular person variation. However I used to be simply taking a look at one in all my purchasers yesterday who was on a carnivore food regimen for months.

Her hs-CRP is 0.3. The F2-isoprostanes had been very low, which is a marker of oxidative stress. There is not any proof for DNA harm with 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine, et cetera. They’re extremely insulin delicate. There is not any harm to the kidneys. BUN is often regular if individuals are getting sufficient sodium … There is not any impairment in [blood] clotting.”

One other essential facet notice pertains to meal timing. Should you’re consuming a carnivore food regimen 18 hours a day, you are in all probability going to run into issues — simply as with all different food regimen. Saladino covers the significance of time-restricted consuming in his guide as effectively.

What About Intestine Microbiome Variety?

Within the interview, Saladino additionally covers the frequent notion that fiber and plant meals are important for a wholesome microbiome, and the prevention of constipation and most cancers. This being an unusually lengthy interview, I can’t cowl all the main points on this article so, for extra in-depth info, please take heed to the interview in its entirety.

With regard to fiber and microbial range, Harvard researchers demonstrated that folks consuming an unique carnivore food regimen have the identical alpha range of intestine microbes as these consuming an unique plant-based food regimen for one week. In actual fact, the carnivore food regimen elevated beta range, which is one other measure of range, so complete range truly elevated.

Carnivore Eating regimen Excels in Therapy of Autoimmune Illnesses

Whereas the carnivore food regimen could profit anybody, it seems notably helpful for these with autoimmune ailments.

“I can not even inform you what number of circumstances of psoriatic arthritis I’ve seen go away from it,” Saladino says. “There are a number of tales on my Instagram. I’ve posted plenty of testimonials from individuals who had dangerous plaque psoriasis, fibromyalgia, eczema, bronchial asthma and lupus …

I can not declare that the carnivore food regimen cures 100% of individuals, however it’s a extremely highly effective intervention. I believe for some individuals, there’s different issues occurring, GI dysbiosis or intestine infections or heavy steel toxicity. Who is aware of? Nevertheless it’s a reasonably darn efficient intervention.

Typically, that is what the guide is about: ‘Hey, look, vegetation have toxins. Consuming animal meals is secure. Do not concern them. Should you’re sick, for those who’re not kicking as a lot bud as you wish to, then attempt the carnivore food regimen, particularly in case you have an autoimmune illness.’

It is unimaginable. I imply it completely resolved my autoimmune illness and I’ve seen it occur for individuals time and again and over. It is fairly cool. I believe it should change medication.”

What Concerning the Blue Zones?

Saladino even dispels the concept plant-based diets are what makes Blue Zones, areas the place individuals are identified to be notably long-lived, stand out. Blue Zones embrace Ikaria in Greece, Sardinia in Italy, Loma Linda in California, Okinawa, Japan and the Nicoya area of Costa Rica.

Loopy sufficient, these areas even have the third highest consumption of meat per capita on this planet, Saladino says. And so they have the longest life expectancy. Within the interview, Saladino delves into the specifics of every of those 5 areas, reviewing the native diets which, opposite to common perception, are heavy on meat and animal meals.

“In all probability probably the most attention-grabbing one is Loma Linda. There is a massive Seventh Day Adventist inhabitants there. Throughout the Seventh Day Adventist’s inhabitants, there are a variety of issues which are advocated for. They counsel avoidance of smoking and consuming, and so they do not consider in consuming meat …

They consider that meat creates carnal wishes in people, which might be true as a result of it permits us to have wholesome hormone ranges, proper? … They consider that if we eat a vegetarian food regimen, it would management our carnal wishes, which it in all probability will as a result of our hormones will tank in a unfavourable means.

The Seventh Day Adventist area of California is a zone of longevity. They stay about 7.Three years longer than the typical Californian. However what’s so attention-grabbing is that the California Mormons additionally stay seven-ish years longer than the overall inhabitants, however they do not shun meat in any respect.

So it is in all probability not the shunning of meat … that is resulting in longevity. Within the case of Loma Linda and the Mormons, what they’ve in frequent is that they do not smoke, they do not drink and so they have a decent neighborhood. And that will probably be our takeaway from the blue zones finally.”

The Downside With Epidemiological Research

Saladino additionally goes into extra element about wholesome person bias and the issue with epidemiological research (that are observational, not interventional, and due to this fact can’t decide causation), each of which have contributed to the idea system that plant-based diets are higher than meat-based ones.

“There’s a fantastic web site that I referenced within the guide, referred to as spuriouscorrelations.com.2 I’d encourage individuals to go to that web site,” Saladino says.

“[It shows there’s] a really sturdy correlation between cheese consumption and loss of life by getting tangled within the mattress sheets and issues like this … It is simply so foolish. You can also make correlations between something that do not have a causal relationship …

What we’re in all probability seeing is that individuals who eat extra vegatables and fruits are additionally doing different wholesome behaviors. And that is the takeaway from the Blue Zones too. Individuals in Loma Linda stay longer as a result of they do not smoke or drink. The Mormons stay longer as a result of they do not smoke or drink.

The individuals who can do the train, be within the solar — these are wholesome behaviors which are going to create longevity. However relating to food regimen, we actually cannot inform as a result of that is a really sophisticated factor.

There’s one examine within the guide that actually drives this level house. It is referred to as the UK Buyers Examine. They in contrast the usual mortality ratio of vegetarians to the overall inhabitants. And the vegetarians stay longer.

However then they examine the loss of life charge of vegetarians to different individuals within the inhabitants who ate meat. They had been omnivores, however these individuals did wholesome behaviors. So, they had been truly in a position to examine two teams of people that take heed to well being recommendation and do wholesome behaviors, and so they had equal loss of life charges.

So it is in all probability not the exclusion of meat that is inflicting these well being outcomes to look good. It is the opposite issues they do. That is wholesome person bias …

So what will we do? We generate a speculation. We return and we check the speculation. It is simply very arduous to check that speculation as a result of how do you do a examine lengthy sufficient the place you are giving some individuals extra vegatables and fruits?

So, what has been executed is a collection of 5 research that I speak about within the guide the place vegatables and fruits had been faraway from the food regimen. That is an interventional examine … The opposite group ate like a pound and a half of greens a day … On the finish of 4 weeks they checked out oxidative stress, inflammatory markers and markers of immune activation.

What did they see? They had been utterly the identical between the 2 teams. That means that after we take away fruit and greens (these are fruit and vegetable depletion research), there isn’t a detriment. There is not any change. There is not any profit to having them in there.”

Extra Data

I’ve solely coated a portion of what we focus on on this interview, so if any of this has piqued your curiosity, please take heed to the interview in its entirety. Saladino delves into many particulars that haven’t been coated on this textual content, together with:

  • The problem of ldl cholesterol
  • The affect of the carnivore food regimen on insulin sensitivity and coronary heart illness
  • Why you need not fear about extreme mTOR activation

He additionally discusses the significance of nose-to-tail consuming as radically exemplified by Glenn Villeneuve of Life Beneath Zero in his latest 3.5-hour interview3 with Joe Rogan. A carnivore food regimen is not only consuming steak. You need to eat the entire animal. This consists of animal fat, organ meats and collagen from bone and marrow, for instance.

It is also essential to ensure the meals is from grass fed and grass completed animals, against manufacturing facility farmed, as their food regimen differs tremendously, which in flip impacts the vitamin you get from it.

A carnivore food regimen additionally isn’t unique to bovines. You may embrace seafood, eggs, rooster, turkey, pork and dairy, together with goat and sheep milk. Should you can’t abdomen the concept of organ meats, there are ancestral dietary supplements that include freeze dried organ parts.

“When it comes to primary macros [macro nutrients], individuals can go to my web site, carnivoremd.com. I’ve obtained a carnivore food regimen pyramid there which has numerous this laid out that you may obtain. What I like to recommend for individuals is considering how a lot protein you wish to get in a day.

We could differ a bit of bit on these suggestions. I usually suggest 0.Eight to 1 gram of protein per pound of lean physique weight, after which an affordable quantity of fats to go together with that. Then some organ meats and eggs and numerous salt.

I believe it is essential to get numerous good salt so the electrolytes do not get out of whack. I’m going into element about all of that within the guide, in chapter 12 and chapter 13, and I’ve obtained meal plans and the whole lot in there.

I like to recommend that folks keep away from [plant-based fats] after they’re doing a carnivore food regimen due to one thing referred to as oleosins. Even in oil, we will discover proteins that may be immunogenic. Individuals may reintroduce these similar to they might an elimination food regimen later.

However for those who actually wish to see how your physique does with no plant compounds in any respect, [then] you wish to do away with the all of the plant oils due to oleosins … I actually consider that animal fats is extra nutritious on the whole for individuals.”

To get all the knowledge Saladino discusses on this interview, after which some, make sure you decide up a replica of “The Carnivore Code.” It will likely be launched February 2020 however is on the market for preorder.





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